Minorities in North Vietnam
Some ethnic groups kept living among the Vietnamese people. Others decided to maintain their independence and moved to the highlands, or were driven to the mountain areas. Where they still live.TAY people - the largest minority after the Vietnamese (Kinh):
The clothes are not as colourful as other ethnic minorities. The dress is made of cotton, which they paint indigo-blue. There is not much embroidery to see, or other decorations. The women wear skirts or pants, polo shirt and black scarf, men wear pants and shirt or T-shirt. Don Lao minorities wear cone-shaped shawls on their heads and Tho minorities wear dresses, like the Thai of Mai Chau.
The houses are similar to those of the Thai. They are built on stilts. For the construction of the roof one uses poles, straw or palm leaves and the walls they use wood or bamboo. The villages are often built on the foothills of the mountains. The names of the villages are often named after the mountains, rivers or fields, where they live. Villages are often large and have dozens of houses.
The Thai - 2nd largest ethnic group after the Tay
The Black Thai women wear blouses (green, blue, pink, purple) buttons with a distinctive row, black skirt, black scarf, white scarf (in White Thai women). The Thai people have a wealth of legends, myths and ancient legends.
HMONG people - one of the largest minorities in the north
The Hmong came about 300 years ago to Vietnam from South China, during the reign of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Their departure was because they were against the Chinese imperialism of these dynasties. A large number of Black Hmong can only be found in Sapa and Lao Cai province.
The duty of man is to take care of the whole family. He takes important decisions about the safety and welfare of the family. He is also seen as the main breadwinner. His wife must be above all a good housewife, taking care of the children and preparing the food. Part of the work of the women consists of making handmade traditional clothing or jewellery. For making clothes they use hemp and indigo colour. The Hmong use traditional methods for colouring and decorating - batik. Hmong are very skilled in making clothes and the cultivation hemp for making clothes.
The situation is slowly changing with the arrival of tourists in Vietnam. Many Hmong in Vietnam have lost many of their customs and traditions. They adapt to the new customs and culture. The clothing changes, they start a business and ride a motorcycle. The Hmong live mainly in the north of Vietnam and there you can still see their simple and difficult life in the beautiful nature.
DAO people ("Jungle men")Dao speak the same language as the Hmong. You'll find them in the north of Vietnam and along the border with Laos. There are about 600,000 Dao in Vietnam.
The history of the Dao is not fully known. They came from China. They came between the 12th and 13th century and the early 20th century to Vietnam.
The religion of the Dao people has elements of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Ban Vuong (Ban Ho) was the legendary holy man and the oldest ancestor of the Dao minority. Dao Group has a population of about 600 000 in Vietnam and is divided into different subgroups (Dao with white trousers, with narrow trousers Dao, Dao with coins, Dao with blue clothes ...)
Women in this group are easily identified by their triangular red turban / scarf decorated with silver coins and red tassels. Men usually wear long trousers with a shirt and a scarf on the head. Family rolls is similar to the Hmong. A man has a dominant role in the family and it is also an important economic factor. The woman takes care of the household, the children and related activities on her behalf.
Very important is the choice of the place where the family will live. It is customary to put down a bowl of rice for the whole night. It represents the richness of the area, the number of cows, buffaloes, money and good. They chase after their dreams and when no more rice could be cultivated there, move on to another place.
The Red Dao mainly live in Cao Bang, Lang Son, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang and Lao Cai. Nowadays the village of Ta Phin has more than 700 Red Dao.