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 Tet - Vietnamese New Year
-  2018  - Sign of the Dog
-  2019  - Sign of the Pig
-  2020  - Sign of the Rat
-  2021  - Sign of the Water Buffalo
-  2022  - Sign of the Tiger
-  2023  - Sign of the Cat
-  2024  - Sign of the Dragon
-  2025  - Sign of the Snake
-  2026  - Sign of the Horse
-  2027  - Sign of the Goat
-  2028  - Sign of the Monkey
-  2029  - Sign of the Rooster
 

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Tet Nguyen Dan
(Vietnamese New Year)


The Vietnamese Calendar is a Lunar Calendar that is mostly based on the Chinese Calendar. The Lunar Calendar has a fix number of twelve months with 30 days each, and a leap-year will have a whole intercalary month instead of the 29th day of February. The new year of Lunar Calendar normally will start in late January or beginning of February according to Gregorian Calendar. That explains why Tet days vary from year to year: it is because the leap month may fall shorter or longer which create a smaller or bigger gap between the two Calendars.
The Vietnamese administrative offices officially started to use the Gregorian Calendar in 1954, while the civilian populace continued to use a variety of local Calendars derived from French, Chinese and Japanese sources. The North Vietnamese government issued a decree in 1967 to make the Gregorian Calendar the sole official Calendar, restricting Lunar Calendar use to holidays and commemorations. South Vietnam would later join this change at the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.
Tet Nguyen Dan, or Tet for short, is considered the biggest and most popular festival of the year in Vietnam. Celebrated on the first day of the first month in Lunar Calendar, Tet’s celebration is the longest holiday.

Tet Nguyen Dan -festival or Vietnamese New Year (it is at the same time as Chinese New Year). In the Vietnamese zodiac, the cat replaces the Rabbit in the Chinese zodiac. So, a child born in the Chinese year of the Rabbit will be born in the Vietnamese year of the Cat. The Vietnamese zodiac uses the same animals as the Chinese zodiac for the remaining 11 years, though the Ox of the Chinese zodiac is usually considered to be a water buffalo in the Vietnamese zodiac.

The Vietnamese will start their their celebration with preparing everything well in advance of the upcoming New Year. In an effort to get rid of the bad luck of the old year, people will spend a few days cleaning their homes, polishing every utensil, or even repaint and decorate the house with kumquat tree, branches of peach blossom, and many other colourful flowers. The ancestral altar is especially taken care of, with careful decoration of five kinds of fruits and votive papers, along with many religious rituals. Everybody, especially children, buy new clothes and shoes to wear on the first days of New Year. People also try to pay all their pending debts and resolve all the arguments among colleagues, friends or members of family.

Festivities are organized such as parades, dragon dances, fireworks and flower parades, but mainly it is a family celebration. The Vietnamese people travel throughout the country to visit their families and eat special meals. The new beginning of the year also includes new clothes, homes are thoroughly cleaned and they refurbish the graves of the ancestors. Most shops and many restaurants are closed during Tet.
The festival is celebrated everywhere, but there are also crowded and lively markets in the villages. Everywhere is a special flower markets. The whole family will eat together and the house is nicely made and clean. Everyone says to each other a good wish. Sacrifices to the ancestors are made at an altar. Children receive gifts and new clothes. And do not forget 'lucky money'. Fortunately money is given in a beautifully decorated red bag. The children say a desire against their parents and then get the bag. Much food is prepared. Very tasty food.
On New Year Day the family usually goes to a pagoda. A kind of temple where they ask various gods for happiness for the new year. They also burn much incense. Then they eat in Vietnam a rice cake (Banh Chung). These are cakes of sticky rice stuffed with pork, fat, beans and onions and is the first dish served during the extensive lunch of seven different dishes. The drinks are mainly beer and water.

Years Corresponding to Vietnamese Zodiac Signs:

Rat 1900 1912 1924 1936 1948 1960 1972 1984 1996 2008 2020
Water Buffalo  1901 1913 1925 1937 1949 1961 1973 1985 1997 2009 2021
Tiger 1902 1914 1926 1938 1950 1962 1974 1986 1998 2010 2022
Cat 1903 1915 1927 1939 1951 1963 1975 1987 1999 2011 2023
Dragon 1904 1916 1928 1940 1952 1964 1976 1988 2000 2012 2024
Snake 1905 1917 1929 1941 1953 1965 1977 1989 2001 2013 2025
Horse 1906 1918 1930 1942 1954 1966 1978 1990 2002 2014 2026
Sheep 1907 1919 1931 1943 1955 1967 1979 1991 2003 2015 2027
Monkey 1908 1920 1932 1944 1956 1968 1980 1992 2004 2016 2028
Rooster 1909 1921 1933 1945 1957 1969 1981 1993 2005 2017 2029
Dog 1910 1922 1934 1946 1958 1970 1982 1994 2006 2018 2030
Boar 1911 1923 1935 1947 1959 1971 1983 1995 2007 2019 2031

Vietnamese New Year Days 

Year Vietnamese New Year begins Animal sign
     
2018 February 16 Dog
2019 February 05 Boar
2020 January 25 Rat
2021 February 12 Water Buffalo
2022 February 01 Tiger
2023 January 22 Cat
2024 February 10 Dragon
2025 January 29 Snake
2026 February 17 Horse
2027 February 06 Sheep
2028 January 26 Monkey
2029 February 13 Rooster
2030 February 03 Dog

 

 

 

 


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