The Chua Tran Quoc - is the oldest Buddhist temple in Hanoi. Originally, the temple built in the sixth century during the reign of Emperor Ly Nam Dje (544 to 548). The temple is more than 1450 years old. The temple was named after the founder Khai Quoc and the temple was on the banks of the Red River. But by eroding the shore, the temple was rebuilt and finally came to stand Lake. A small dam connects it to the mainland.
The architecture is stunning and the lake reflects the large six-sided tower, depicting various stages of the life of Buddha. The tower has 11 floors with 66 statues of Buddha.
The last major renovation of the temple was carried out in 1815. The lobby and the room of the dead were then restored. The pagoda is one of the most important parts of the Tran Quo Temple, because it preserves ashes of an important monk. Over the years the temple had several names, like An Quoc and Tran Bac.
For centuries there were monks living at the Tran Quoc Pagoda and they taught the public all about Buddhism. At that time, the monks started praying before the crowd came to the temple. They did it in several rooms on the property. Monks were not allowed to marry (still don't), and therefore there were no families living in the pagoda.
On the grounds of the temple is a "Bodhi tree" which was cut from the original "Bodhi tree" in Bodh Gaya in India, under which Buddha meditated and attained his enlightenment. The "Bodhi tree" was a gift in 1959, when the Indian President Rajendra Prasad visited Vietnam.
The Bodhi Tree
At the main shrine, the visitors get incense to burn. The locals, who visit the shrine, usually bring an offering with them, such as food or a small amount of money as a gift to the gods. Incense is burned to send wishes to the gods and to receive happiness in return.
The incense is numbered with odd numbers, because odd numbers bring luck in Chinese and Vietnamese culture. Even numbers, like the number 4 is considered bad luck because the word four sounds like the word "death" in Chinese.
The Tran Quoc pagoda, they also worship female Buddhas, known as the "Mothers". Their place is in front of the courtyard. The green mother has control over the mountains and forests. The white Mother has control over the water. And finally the red Mother has control over the air. These are some of the oldest gods and goddesses that were worshiped in Vietnam and before Buddhism arrived in Vietnam.